THE ERA OF IMMIGRATION IN NEW YORK

By 1900, the center of economic development was New York, one of the most prosperous and cosmopolitan cities in the world. Eighty percent of the biggest billing companies in America were based in this metropolis. Everything was happening in those streets, in fact you crossed the capitals from Wall Street with the labor of Italian migrants landed by the transatlantic at Ellis Island. In the island were waiting for a hundred inspectors and health officers inside a huge center for immigration. By 1910, the number of Italians living in New York was nearly half a million, two-thirds of whom were men. They lived in promiscuity and in the almost total absence of hygiene. The neighborhoods in which immigrants went to live were the oldest in the city, occupied by two generations before by the Irish. It was Elizabeth and Mulberry Street. The only advantage over those who worked in Italy was the salary. Decidedly higher in the United States of America. Even if life cost much more Italian immigrants, enduring tremendous deprivations, were able to put something aside and then send it home. Immediate were the clashes with the Irish community already present in New York. The two communities immediately began a real racial conflict. In those years, the Irish controlled the metropolis through Tammany Hall, an Irish political organization. It was clear that social political control was carried out with violence.

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